Psoriasis Symptoms and Types

Psoriasis, as you may well know, is a skin condition. Well, more accurately it is the name given to several distinct skin conditions. While they all may share similarities in terms of symptoms, the severity and where they may occur on your body will vary considerably. This means that the treatment options will vary considerably too.

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It is worth noting that if you suffer from a type of psoriasis, it can ‘develop’ into one of the other forms over time. In rare cases, a person may even suffer from multiple forms of psoriasis at the same time which, of course, is not going to be the most pleasant experience in the world.

On this page, we want to take a look at the various psoriasis symptoms, as well as the types of psoriasis.

Psoriasis Symptoms

No matter what type of psoriasis you are suffering from, the symptoms will be fairly similar to one another. It is likely that you will suffer from dry or red patches on your skin which are covered by silvery scales. These symptoms will last for a short while and then disappear again. Since this is a chronic condition, the symptoms will always flare-up. It is rare that somebody will suffer from a psoriasis flare-up just once and never see the symptoms again. Therefore, dealing with psoriasis is always going to be a struggle to ensure that the flare-ups are kept at bay, something which you can’t always prevent.

Some forms of psoriasis may have slightly different symptoms, although we will talk about those on this page too.

The plaque psoriasis symptomsPlaque Psoriasis

This is the most common form of psoriasis. Around eight out of ten people will suffer from this condition. You may also find it referred to as ‘psoriasis vulgaris’.

As we mentioned previously, psoriasis is characterized by inflamed red skin which is covered in white scales. If you suffer from plaque psoriasis, then it is likely that these patches will itch and burn. Although, you absolutely must not scratch them as it can make the symptoms worse.

While plaque psoriasis can appear anywhere on you, it is most likely going to appear in one of the following locations:

  • Elbows
  • Knees
  • Scalp
  • Lower back

woman with guttate psoriasisGuttate Psoriasis

In most cases, this form of psoriasis will start in a young child. Guttate psoriasis makes up about 2% of cases. Rather than red, inflamed rashes appearing, it will come in the form of small pinkish spots. Again, while it can appear anywhere on your body, the condition is likely to occur in one of these places:

  • Trunk
  • Upper arms
  • Thighs
  • Scalp

This is a bit of a unique form of psoriasis to deal with. In many cases, your flare-up will disappear within weeks without treatment, but it will be a lot more uncomfortable. On the other hand, this is also one of the most stubborn forms of psoriasis and may never disappear without a bit of treatment.

Inverse Psoriasis

With this form of psoriasis, there will be bright red patches on the skin. They will be smooth and shiny. It is unlikely that they will have scales. While they can appear anywhere on your body, they will tend to appear under your skin folds. So:

  • Armpits
  • Groin
  • Under your breasts
  • Around the genitals and your buttocks

This condition is likely to be triggered by a buildup of yeast. However, it can also be made worse by rubbing and sweating (i.e. the thing that tends to happen the most in the skin folds)

pustular psoriasisPustular Psoriasis

This is a form of psoriasis which rarely occurs in children. This can be quite a serious form of psoriasis. There will be small pus-filled bumps which have been surrounded by red skin. They are not infectious.

Once again, this is a condition which can cover anywhere on your body. In fact, this is one of the only forms of psoriasis which is likely to appear on all of your body at once (this is called generalized pustular psoriasis). If this happens, then it is important that you seek medical attention as soon as you can as it does indicate a serious issue.

The pus-filled bumps are not the only symptom of pustular psoriasis. They can also include:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Nausea
  • Fast heart rate
  • Muscle weakness

Erythrodermic Psoriasis

The least common form of psoriasis but is very serious. Your skin will be coated in the red rashes. It will almost look like you have been severely burned. Other symptoms can include:

  • Severe itching
  • Massive change in your body temperature
  • Severe peeling
  • Fast heart rate
  • Severe burning

This is not a form of psoriasis that you can treat on your own. You could potentially die from this form of psoriasis as it can make you more susceptible to pneumonia, infections and heart failure. It is incredibly important that you head to the hospital during a flare-up to ensure that you get the treatment that you need.

nails psoriasisNail Psoriasis

This is a form of psoriasis which tends not to occur on its own. While it can, it will often come alongside one of the other forms of psoriasis. There are no red rashes here. Instead, you will notice the following symptoms:

  • Tender and painful nails
  • The nail starts to separate from the nail bed
  • The nail will start to change color
  • There will be a chalk-like substance under your nails
  • The nails will pit

woman with psoriasis of the scalpScalp Psoriasis

This is very similar to plaque Psoriasis but affects only the scalp. It has symptoms just like that of plaque psoriasis and depending on how severe it is will depend on the type of scalp psoriasis treatment your doctor will prescribe; in most cases, you will require to use shampoo for psoriasis.

Psoriatic Arthritis

This form of psoriasis only occurs if you are suffering from psoriasis and arthritis. Symptoms can include (in addition to the rashes and the like)

  • Painful and stiff joints. Will likely be more painful after resting.
  • Swelling of your fingers and toes
  • Warmer joints which may have discoloration to them.

This condition will develop over time. Most people who suffer from it will suffer from psoriasis for about ten years first.

palmoplantar psoriasisPalmoplantar Psoriasis

This affects both your hands and feet. In its mildest form you will have very dry patches of skin. If you suffer from this form of Psoriasis in its most severe form, the skin can crack and start to bleed.